PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN NIGERIA
PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS
Public participation in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process has been a topic of major discourse all over the world. Most countries have in varied degrees recognized and given public participation a special place in the EIA process.This study examines the historical background of EIA in Nigeria, discusses EIA laws in Nigeria with a view to
highlighting the major drawbacks; and identifies the advantages and disadvantages of public participation in the EIA process. It observes that the provisions of the EIA Act in
Nigeria appear to be comprehensive but however, suffers major setbacks as the Act does not give room for public participation after the certificate has been issued and/or
during the monitoring or follow-up stage. The study recommends that the Act should be amended to accommodate public participation at every stage of the EIA process.